Spatial Character of Tokyo’s Famous Tourist Attractions

Odilia Renaningtyas Manifesty

Abstract


Various competitiveness reports on tourism have ranked Japan as one of the most visited countries in Asia. Along with South Korea and Singapore, Japan offers many unique traits to the tourists. Since the establishment of “Kihinkai” (lit. Welcome Society), Japan’s first organization to engage with foreign tourists, the country has succeeded in developing various sector of tourism such as heritage sites, nature-based tourism, religious sites, and urban tourism. Tokyo Metropolis, as the capital of Japan, is one of the best examples in urban tourism sector. Hotel occupancy in Tokyo has risen around 80% in the last decade, showing high growth of tourism in the city. The aforementioned growth is supported by many factors, with one of them being the enhancement of tourist attractions. The paper examines Tokyo’s nine most famous tourist attractions specifically at their spatial aspects. The complexity of place, accessibility and the presence of surrounding amenities, as well as the ambience or atmosphere offered by the attractions are the components analyzed to form a set of characteristics that define the character of Tokyo’s tourist attractions. The compiled data can be a precedent study or preliminary guideline for other big cities in Japan or Asia to develop their potential of urban tourism.    


Keywords


urban tourism; spatial character; urban architecture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baloglu, S., & W.McCleary, K. (1999). A model of destination image formation. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(4), 868–897. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00030-4

Cegar, I. (2014). ARCHITECTURE’S ROLE IN TOURISM AND CITY BRANDING. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from http://www.iaacblog.com/programs/architectures-role-in-tourism-and-city-branding_/

Dawes, M., & Ostwald, M. J. (2013). Precise Locations in Space : An Alternative Approach to Space Syntax Analysis Using Intersection Points, 3(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.arch.20130301.01

Georgiou, M. (2006). A Topological Approach to Relational Design Problems. University College London. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=2ahUKEwjsrYf9nPTeAhXMqY8KHdZIDDIQFjABegQIBRAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdiscovery.ucl.ac.uk%2F2919%2F1%2F2919.pdf&usg=AOvVaw0y50bHkSBbGx28t_ELiWfq

Giriwati, N., Homma, R., & Iki, K. (2016). Urban tourism : designing a tourism space in a city context for social sustainability. In The Sustainable City VIII (pp. 165–176). https://doi.org/10.2495/SC130141

Gunn, C. A. (2002). Tourism Planning: Basics, Concepts, and Cases. Psychology Press.

Japan National Tourism Organization. (2017). Tokyo & Vicinity Walking Guide. Tokyo.

Kurihara, T., & Okamoto, N. (2010). Foreign Visitor ’ s Evaluation on Tourism Environment, 8, 912–925.

Leheny, D. (2003). The Rules of Play: National Identity and the Shaping of Japanese Leisure. New York: Cornell University Press.

Manifesty, O. R., & Afif, N. (2018). From Angkringan to Coworking Space : The Emergence of New Social Spaces for Young People. In The 4th International Conference on Indonesian Architecture and Planning. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Orcutt, A. (2012). World’s Most-Visited Sacred Sites. Retrieved December 6, 2018, from https://www.travelandleisure.com/slideshows/worlds-most-visited-sacred-sites

Pratt, S., Sum, W., Chan, A., Pratt, S., Sum, W., & Chan, A. (2017). Destination Image and Intention to Visit the Tokyo 2020 Olympics among Hong Kong Generation Y. Journal of China Tourism Research, 00(00), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/19388160.2016.1246272

Salingaros, N. A. (2014). Complexity in Architecture and Design. Oz Journal, 36(May), 1–13.

Sassen, S. (2001). The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

The Urban Phoenix. (2018). What If We Viewed Public Space Like Tourist Attractions? Retrieved December 2, 2018, from https://theurbanphoenix.com/2018/03/26/parksandtourism/

Tokyo Metropolitan Government. (2017). PRIME Tourist Destination City Tokyo. Tokyo. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=2ahUKEwjLxYGIkfTeAhUS4o8KHdjgB9oQFjABegQICBAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sangyo-rodo.metro.tokyo.jp%2Fplan%2Ftourism%2Fpocket_total_2018en.pdf&usg=AOvVaw2wN4YqGtOG5-eLL5VdXMYm

Tokyo Metropolitan Government. (2018). PRIME Tourist Destination City Tokyo. Tokyo.

World Tourism Cities Federation. (2017). City Tourism Performance Research Report for Case Study “Tokyo.” Tokyo.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.